Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a group of disorders in which the main risk factor is high fluid pressure within the eye. All glaucoma disorders are characterized by vision loss, caused by damage to the optic nerve. The optic nerve provides the pathway from the eyeball to the brain. If a doctor discovers it early and the patient follows directions carefully, the damaging effects of glaucoma can be addressed.

In a normally functioning eye, fluid is being formed and drained constantly. However, when an eye’s drainage canals do not work well, the fluid cannot get out. The extra fluid raises the pressure inside the eye. The increased pressure can destroy sensitive nerve fibers on the back wall of the eye. Each time a nerve fiber is lost, the eye loses some ability to see. Usually, the glaucoma patient loses peripheral (side) vision first; eventually central vision can be lost. When vision is lost from glaucoma, it is irreversible and cannot be restored.

If you have glaucoma, doctor can keep the pressure within your eye to a normal level with careful treatment. It is important to check your pressure regularly so that proper treatment can be advised. This way, you can prevent further loss of vision.

Although glaucoma is far more common in older individuals, it can strike at any age and can even affect babies. It is a disease that is present worldwide and remains a leading cause of blindness.

In most instances, the cause of glaucoma is unknown. Although the genetic inheritance of glaucoma is still unclear, a family history of glaucoma increases one’s risk for developing this condition. Patients who have a history of eye trauma or chronic steroid use are also at risk for developing glaucoma.

Glaucoma Treatment in Delhi, India

Bharti Eye Hospital has a state of art department for Glaucoma treatment in Delhi, India. The glaucoma department has all the latest and advanced machines for glaucoma investigation like OCT, Visual Fields, corneal thickness measurement.

The common symptoms in glaucoma is headache, coloured circles around the light.

Any patient with Diabetes, ocular trauma, poor near vision, family history of glaucoma, on steroid treatment need glaucoma consultation. The treatment of glaucoma consists of anti glaucoma eye drop in most of the cases and glaucoma surgery in advance cases. Regular use of prescribed medications and proper follow up with glaucoma specialist.

What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve in which eye pressure increases and leads to damage of the optic nerve. This damage in optic can cause permanent vision loss.

What are the symptoms of glaucoma?

Common Symptoms Are Difficulty In Near Work, Difficulty In Seeing In Dark Or Low Light, Headache, Decrease In Side Vision Field Of Vision.

What are the glaucoma tests for diagnosing glaucoma?

First of all vision and pressure is checked. If on clinical examination by doctor any signs of glaucoma are present then OCT RNFL, visual field, central corneal thickness are done to confirm the diagnosis of glaucoma. These tests are helpful for grading the severity of glaucoma.

How frequently glaucoma follow up should be done?

Glaucoma follow up should be done every 4 to 6 months to confirm the effectiveness of treatment as well as to check for any progression of the disease.

What is the success rate of glaucoma treatment?

Glaucoma is a chronic disease. Any damage that has happened in the patient’s eye due to glaucoma can not be reversed. The aim of the treatment is to prevent further damage and save the patient’s vision.